Architecture and historic buildings
Buildings are the raw material of a city. They enable us to understand our history: times of economic expansion or recession, the city’s spiritual and cultural life, the rise of the aristocracy or the middle class, revolutions – both industrial and technological – and more.
This section highlights our architectural heritage, a vital key to our understanding of the city. In this section we present 60 buildings dating from the Middle Ages to the present day – structures that have borne witness to the city’s history. Our selection criteria include architectural value, historical importance, the role of the edifice in the urban landscape, and the approaches of different architects. We hope that each of you will add your own experiences and discoveries to this picture of our city.
Architecture in Lausanne
The architecture of Lausanne is about slopes in all their forms, both simple and complex: hills, bridges, layers of all kinds (above-ground / below-ground, foreground / background) and tunnels.
Lausanne’s first Golden Age lasted from the 12th century to the middle of the 14th, a period of growth for all European cities.
The 18th century brought architectural renewal to Lausanne. A small group of local architects, including De Crousaz, Fraisse and Delagrange, were responsible for reconstructing public infrastructure.
Capital of a new canton
As the Vaud region, having won its independence, was becoming a Swiss canton in 1803, Lausanne was laying the milestones for its future metamorphosis. Renewal was in the air.
Lausanne in 1900
From 1870 to 1914, there was unprecedented development in Lausanne. Because of its growing population, the city developed on all sides.
The interwar years
For Lausanne, the interwar years were a time to celebrate its new status as one of the largest cities in Switzerland.
The Post-war boom
The results of the economic prosperity seen in post-war Switzerland are easily recognizable in Lausanne’s city structure.
Although practically all of the central areas of the city are occupied with buildings today, the problems caused by urban sprawl still prompt attempts at urban densification.
At the beginning of this 21st century, the role of the city – real, wished for, or only dreamed of – is a question that preoccupies many of us.
Le patrimoine scolaire d'une ville est une part importante de son histoire: les écoles sont les témoins de l'évolution de la société et du développement de la cité.